Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 71, 2021   -   Pages: 167-176
FEATURES OF THE MENTAL STATE AND EMPATHETIC ABILITIES OF YOUNG GIRLS AND YOUNG BOYS DURING THE SENIOR CLASSES OF THE MODERN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION: HYGIENIC ASPECTS
I.V. Serheta1, O.Yu. Bratkova1, O.A. Serebrennikova1
1 NATIONAL PIROGOV MEMORIAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY

: 159.913:616-053.71:373.54
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2021.71.167

SUMMRY:
Objective. The purpose of the work is to determine the peculiarities of the mental state and empathetic abilities of young girls and young boys during the senior classes of a modern educational institution.
Materials and methods. The research was conducted on the basis of educational institutions in Vinnytsya among 399 students aged 15 to 17 years. To assess the peculiarities of the psychoemotional organization of the individual the method of color elections of Lusher was used, to study depressive manifestations Zung psychometric scale, for assessing asthenic manifestations Malkova ersonal questionnaire, to study empathetic abilities Boyko ersonal questionnaire.
Results. During the definition of the characteristics of the mental state a gradual deterioration of the investigated indicators during the time of stay in the senior classes of modern school, which is greatly pronounced among young men. It has been found that the level of indicators of depressive manifestations in the pupils environment decreases both in young girls and young men, slightly increasing at the age of 17 years, and it was among the representatives of the female gender of its values were reliably higher (p<0,05-0,01). During the observation time, both among young girls and among boys there is an increase in the level of indicators that determine the level of development of asthenic manifestations. The results obtained in the event of studying empathetic abilities certified the fact that in the structure of the distribution of the investigated indicators significantly dominated by indicators that certified the low level of empathetic abilities, and the integral level of empathy in young girls was substantially higher than young people.
Conclusions. In the research, the peculiarities of the mental state and empathetic abilities of young girls and young boys during the senior classes of the modern educational institution are determined.

KEYWORDS:
pupils, education institution, asthenic state, depressive state, empathetic abilities, hygienic aspects.

REFERENCES:
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7. Serheta I.V., Bratkova O.Yu., Dyakova O.V., Drezhenkova I.L., Vakolyuk L.M., Lobastova T.V. Modern approaches to the screening assessment of the degree of the risk of prenosological disorders in the state of mental health of school-age pupils in the context of analysis of behavioral aspects of public health. Warsaw : Wiadomości Lekarskie. 2021 ; LXXIII (5 May) : 1169-1173. DOI : https://doi.org/10.36740/WLek202105123

FOR CITATION:
Serheta I.V., Bratkova O.Yu., Serebrennikova O.A. Osoblyvosti psykhichnoho stanu ta empatychnykh zdibnostei divchat i yunakiv vprodovzh navchannia v starshykh klasakh suchasnoho zakladu osvity: hihiienichni aspekty [Features of the Mental State and Empathetic Abilities of Young Girls and Young Boys during the Senior Classes of the Modern Educational Institution: Hygienic Aspects]. In : Hihiiena naselenykh mists : zb. nauk. pr. [Hygiene of Populated Places]. Kyiv ; 2021 ; 71 : 167-176 (in Ukrainian).