Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 66, 2015   -   Pages: 65-76
HYGIENIC SUBSTITUTION OF ADDITIONAL CLEANING POTABLE WATER USAGE BY RURAL AND CITY INHABITANTS IN DNEPROPETROVSK REGION
L.V. Hryhorenko1
1 STATE INSTITUTION "DNIPROPETROVSK MEDICAL ACADEMY OF THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF UKRAINE"

: 614.1/.2:616.1/.8-084-039.11-036.864] (477)

SUMMRY:
Purpose: questionnaire of adult peasants, covered rural districts of Dnepropetrovsk region (experimental group) and town dwellers from Dnepropetrovsk city (control group) in order to esti-mate their point of view toward drinking-water purifiers.
Object and Methods. In our work were presented results of the rural and city population soci-ological poll, carried out in Dnepropetrovsk region in order to show their relation to the additional cleaning potable water. Research was carried out in 2012-2014 years, in the rural districts with de-centralized and imported potable water supply: Apostolovskyi, Kryvorozskyi, Pavlohradskyi, Niko-polskyi. Self-administered questionnaires have been filled in 150 respondents (75 peasants in experi-mental group and 75 town dwellers in control group). Sociological survey has been carried out in 60 households that have been chosen on the basis of their location and such characteristics: age group (from 35 to 55) years, constant residence in this region, covered two periods (5-10) years and long-term period over 10 years. Sociological and statistical methods have been used in the retrospective study.
Results. Tendency to the increasing bottled potable water usage for drinking purposes and cooking was found among rural and city respondents. Thus, respondents of both groups focused on such reasons of poor tap water quality as an unpleasant smell, color, rust, sludge, weighed substanc-es, taste and aftertaste, availability of foam and impurity. It was established that 38.6% of peasants lived in well-planned apartments, whereas 34.6% of respondents werent provided with centralized water supply and sewerage system. The most part of peasants 68% were provided with 2 sinks on average. Main source of water supply 30.6% of peasants population was mine wells; however 25.3% of respondents noted insufficient distance to the public well from 15 to 25 meters.
Conclusions. Majority of peasants 40% was significantly sure "water became dangerous for person health". The cohort retrospective study during 2012-2014 aiming at assessing the relation of peasants to the drinking-water purifiers has been shown that of peasants consider "tap water is safety for health after boiling or filtration" (32%). Another reason why respondents couldnt buy bottled wa-ter was its large cost, as marked 30.6% of interviewing.