Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 73, 2023   -   Pages: 104-112
M. Fryziuk1, T. Pavlenko1

: 351.78:613.648.4:546.79(.296):316.77

The article analyses international experience on the introduction of primary monitoring of radon activity concentrations in Ukraine as a tool for implementing state policy to reduce exposure of the population from this source.
Objective. Scientific substantiation of approaches to radon monitoring in Ukraine as part of the implementation of the action plan to reduce the levels of exposure of the population from indoor radon in the residential and public buildings.
The methodology for conducting a study of indoor radon levels is considered. Two main approaches to conducting a radon primary monitoring in dwelling have been identified, which include assessing the average exposure of the population to radon and determining territories (zones) with high radon potential. It was established that separate studies should be carried out in residential and workplaces, especially in children's educational institutions due to significant differences in the design and ventilation of houses. Different approaches to the definition of territories with high radon potential. The necessity of using effective, reliable, cost-effective and relatively easy to implement methods of remediation from the point of view of ensuring effective targeted use of resources is proven.
A preliminary analysis of the state of studying the problem of radon in Ukraine has been carried out. It is revealed that the problem of providing strategies for protecting the population from the effects of radon exposure, as well as monitoring this source, is still in the development stage.
It is established that the reduction of radon risks in housing is generally a problem of homeowners, the state should carry out educational work with the population, provide radon services, consultations, etc., in order to encourage the population to take protective measures. Reducing radon risks at workplaces is the responsibility of the state, including the safety of residents, visitors or employees of such buildings.
It is determined that in conditions of war it is necessary to introduce remediation in new and restored houses and bomb shelters, which requires measurements of radon concentrations in their premises.
An urgent need has been established for the development of regulatory documents, methods, recommendations for the construction and reconstruction of houses, requirements for air purification systems, and, first of all, this applies to kindergartens, schools and hospitals.
Conclusions. The introduction of primary monitoring of indoor radon in dwellings and public buildings will allow to assess the degree of radon hazard of buildings in certain territories of Ukraine, to provide this information to local authorities to inform the population about the existing radiation risks and to optimize the costs for the implementation of remediation taking into account the socio-economic conditions of some regions.

Indoor radon, radon action plan, radon monitoring, radiation protection.

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Fryziuk M, Pavlenko T. [To the issue of monitoring radon activity concentrations in the context to implementation of state action plan]. Hygiene of Populated Places. 2023;73:104-12. Ukrainian.