Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 73, 2023   -   Pages: 39-47
DIRECTIONS OF RESEARCH AND THE MOST IMPORTANT SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE WATER LABORATORY IN THE TIMES OF INDEPENDENT UKRAINE
V.. Prokopov1, .B. Lypovetska1, T.V. Kulish1, V.A. Sobol1
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU

: 614.777:628.168
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2023.73.039

SUMMRY:
Objective. Generalization of the results of the research for the SRW, which were carried out in the main scientific areas of the water laboratory of the Institute in the period from 2005 to 2024.
Materials and methods. The material for review and evaluation was the scientific reports and publications of the authors, which contained the results of research completed in the last 20 years of scientific research works (SRW), which were carried out according to current scientific directions in the field of drinking water and drinking water supply in accordance with the tasks of the scientific part of the National Program Drinking water of Ukraine for 2006-2020. System-analytical and mathematical-statistical methods were used in the work.
Results. In 1989, a single water laboratory was created at the Institute as a result of the merger of two independent water laboratories. Now it is called the Laboratory of Natural, Drinking Water Hygiene, which has been headed by Doctor of Medicine, Professor V.O. Prokopov for more than 30 years. In the period from 2000 to the present, more than 10 SRWs were carried out in the most relevant areas, which made it possible to obtain a number of new scientific data on the quality of drinking water from various water sources, the formation of dangerous by-products of chlorine and chlorine dioxide in it, the influence of chlorine-containing substances (trihalogenmethanes, haloacetic acids), as well as substandard mineral composition of drinking water on the body. The possibility of obtaining drinking water from highly mineralized mine waters is substantiated, and the latest water treatment technology is proposed for this purpose. A hygienic assessment is given and the use of various household filters and collective water purification systems from simple to more complex modular constructions for the purification of drinking water is substantiated.
In the SRWs, which was carried out until 2000, issues related to the hygienic assessment of modern technological solutions for the treatment of various categories of wastewater, their impact on underground and surface water, as well as the use of individual wastewater (livestock complexes) in agriculture, etc. were resolved.
Conclusions. In the water laboratory of the Institute, topical applied scientific works of theoretical and experimental orientation are carried out, solving scientific problems important for our country, the main goal of which is to prevent the possible adverse impact of the water factor on the health of the population. Currently, the country has approved the Concept of the new national target social program Drinking water of Ukraine for 2022-2026 (No. 388 dated 04/28/2021), and The Ministry for Communities, Territories and Infrastructure Development of Ukraine together with the interested central bodies of the executive power is instructed to develop and submit to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine a draft of the Law of Ukraine regarding the specified Program. The Concept defines the problems to be solved by the Program. According to forecast calculations, the implementation of the Program by 2026 will provide 7,414,000 people with quality drinking water. Therefore, our further research will be aimed at achieving this goal through scientific substantiation of the safe for human health use of new water purification and disinfection technologies, effective reagents, filter materials, sorbents, etc. in drinking water supply.

KEYWORDS:
Drinking water, water supply, directions of research, subjects of the SRW, scientific results, standards, preventive measures.

REFERENCES:
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FOR CITATION:
Prokopov V, Lypovetska B, Kulish TV, Sobol VA. [Directions of research and the most important scientific achievements of the water laboratory in the times of independent Ukraine]. Hygiene of Populated Places. 2023;73:39-47. Ukrainian.