Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 72, 2022   -   Pages: 52-57
CURRENT HYGIENIC PROBLEMS OF HANDLING VARIOUS TYPES OF WASTE IN THE COUNTRY AND WAYS TO SOLVE THEM
W.W. Stankevich1, G.Ya. Trakhtengerts1, A.I. Kostenko1, O.M. Cherevko1, D.M. Brezytska2
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU
2 OSTROH ACADEMY NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

: 614.7:628.4:628.54
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2022.72.052

SUMMRY:
Purpose. To determine the main hygienic problems that arise in the country when handling various types of waste and to justify measures to minimize the negative consequences of the possible impact of such activities on the health and living conditions of the population in the territories adjacent to the waste management facilities.

Research objects. The state of the national regulatory framework in the field of hygiene regarding the management of various types of waste is analyzed in comparison with EU regulatory documents of a similar direction and the actual situation of the field of waste management in the light of modern requirements.
Research results. The hygienic aspects of the most pressing problems arising in the handling of household, industrial, construction and medical waste in Ukraine were considered and analyzed.
Conclusions. The imperfection of the regulatory framework in the field of sanitary-epidemiological requirements for all aspects of activities related to the management of various types of waste has been determined, the need to improve the national regulatory framework in the field of sanitation and hygiene regarding the management of the indicated categories of waste, taking into account the requirements and recommendations of the relevant decisions, directives and EU regulations.

KEYWORDS:
Waste hazard class, household waste, medical waste, industrial waste, sanitary regulations.

REFERENCES:
1. Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives [Internet]. Official Journal. 2008;L312:3-30. Available from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2008/98/oj
2. Directive 2006/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 April 2006 on waste [Internet]. Official Journal. 2006;L114:9-21. Available from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2006/12/oj
3. Council Directive 91/689/EEC of 12 December 1991 on hazardous waste [Internet]. Official Journal. 1991;L377:20-27. Available from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/1991/689/oj
4. 2000/532/EC: Commission Decision of 3 May 2000 replacing Decision 94/3/EC establishing a list of wastes pursuant to Article 1(a) of Council Directive 75/442/EEC on waste and Council Decision 94/904/EC establishing a list of hazardous waste pursuant to Article 1(4) of Council Directive 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste (notified under document number C(2000) 1147). [Internet]. Official Journal. 2000;L226:3-24. Available from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dec/2000/532/oj
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FOR CITATION:
Stankevich WW, Trakhtengerts GYa, Kostenko AI, Cherevko OM, Brezytska DM. Current hygienic problems of handling various types of waste in the country and ways to solve them. Hygiene of populated places. 2022;72:52-57. Ukrainian.