Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 67, 2017   -   Pages: 208-214
COMPARATIVE EVALUATION PROLONGED CONTACT WITH THE CHILDREN'S TOY, RAISED AT HOME AND IN PRESCHOOL
A.G. Platonova1, N.Ya. Yatskovskaya1, E.S. Shkarban1, H.M. Saenko1, L.V. Martyniuk2
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU
2 STATE MUSEUM OF TOYS MES OF UKRAINE

: 613.955
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2017.67.208

SUMMRY:
The survey of employees 68 kindergartens and 126 parents of families, where children aged 2,5-7 years established statistically significant differences in the range of toys: toys metal designers and home uses only 3-4% of children, and in pre-school 32-80% (p≤0,05); computer games at home uses 1/3 of children under 3 years old and 72-75% of children 4-7 years (p≤0,05). Not found signifi-cant differences in the use of toys in the play activity of the artificial fur, rubber toys, pencils, markers and kits for children's creativity (p≥0,05). Proved statistically significant differences in the duration of use of toys during the day the children who attend pre-school, and children who are educated at home. Pupils of children's institutions under the age of 5 years use of wood toys, plastic polymers, latex, myagkonabivnoy toys, sets for children's creativity significantly less time than children who are educated at home (p≤0,05). For children 6-7 years of age similar pattern persists only for wood, plastic and rubber toys (p≤0,05). Not found significant differences in the duration of use within a day of plastic toys, crayons / markers in children under 5 years of age; pile of toys, pencils, markers and kits for children's creativity in children 6-7 years old (p≥0,05). It is proved that among children there are no significant differences in duration of use within a day of pencils and felt-tip pens, and direct contact with the children's body is from 0.62 to 1.50 pm daily. Installed Features on the duration of use of various types of toys children during the day, depending on the conditions of education, care, allow us to determine the age of "risk group toys" on the potential health hazards of the child popula-tion.

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