Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 72, 2022   -   Pages: 101-106
CURRENT INTERNATIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR RADIATION PROTECTION OF PUBLIC EXPOSURE IN AN EMERGENCY
T. Pavlenko1, M. Fryziuk1, O. Mykhailenko1
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU

: 351.78:613.648.4:546.79(.296):316.77
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2022.72.101

SUMMRY:
The article contains analytical review for the requirements of international radiation protection standards regarding preparedness and response for radiation accidents.
Objective of this article is analyzing international requirements and recommendations for public exposure in the context of radiation emergency situation
The requirements for emergency preparedness and emergency response for EU member countries have been analyzed. The article includes the main objectives for organizations that carry out work to emergency preparedness and emergency response of radiation accidents.
We have conducted preliminary analysis for Ukrainian existing regulatory documents to this issue. It has been established that the current legal framework does not meet current requirements for emergency preparedness and response. The main list of that should be regulations developed is given and its hierarchical structure was detailed. The article presents the main dose criteria that require immediate protective measures in case of acute exposure
The priority tasks of bringing for domestic legal regulations into compliance with the requirements of the Council Directives Euratom in the context of European integration were determined.
Conclusions. It is necessary will analyze existing regulation for regarding compliance with the requirements of Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom and BSS and will develop 3-4 levels documents (methodologies, recommendations, instructions) that concern public and territorial communities regarding emergency preparedness and response.

KEYWORDS:
Radiation safety standards, radiation protection, radiation accident, emergency preparedness and response.

REFERENCES:
1. ICRP Publication 103. Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. Annals of the ICRP. 2007:37(2-4). 332 p.
2. [On the use of nuclear energy and radiation safety: Law of Ukraine dated 08.02.1995 No. 40/95-BP (No. 39/95-BP dated 08.02.95) (Revision dated 01.01.2022, basis - 1928-IX)]. Ukrainian. Available from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/39/95-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text
3. IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSR Part 3. Radiation Protection and Safety of Radiation Sources: International Basic Safety Standards. General Safety Requirements. Vienna: IAEA; 2014. 436 .
4. Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom of 5 December 2013 Laying Down Basic Safety Standards for Protection against the Dangers Arising from Exposure to Ionizing Radiation, and Repealing Directives 89/618/Euratom, 90/641/Euratom, 96/29/Euratom, 97/43/Euratom and 2003/122/Euratom. Official Journal of the European Union. 2014;57:L13. 73 p.
5. Preparedness and Response for a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency: General Safety Requirements. IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSR Part 7. Vienna: IAEA; 2015. 102 p.
6. [Radiation safety standards of Ukraine (NRBU-97): State hygienic standards. DGN 6.6.1.-6.5.001-98]. Kyiv; 1998. 135 p. Ukrainian.

FOR CITATION:
Pavlenko T, Fryziuk M, Mykhailenko O. Current international requirements for radiation protection of public exposure in an emergency. Hygiene of populated places. 2022;72:101-106. Ukrainian.