Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 73, 2023   -   Pages: 74-83
A.V. Koblianska1

: 614.7:614.878:502.743:083 (061.1EU)

The purpose of the work is to assess the situation of regulation of biocides in Ukraine at each stage of their life cycle and the existing potential to identify shortcomings to introduce their rational regulation to reduce the negative impact on the health of the country.
Material and methods: bibliographic, bibliosemantic, hygienic, analytical. The analysis includes sources containing state and international experience in assessing the impact of chemicals, in particular, biocides on the environment and health of the population.
Results. Analysis of the situation was carried out in the fields of: production, import, export, transportation, use and utilization of biocides; Legal instruments and non-regulatory mechanisms for rational management of chemicals, including biocides; Ministries, agencies and other state institutions involved in biocide management; Activities of industry, interested NGOs and research centers for biocide management; Interagency commissions and coordination mechanisms; Information management, access and use; Technical infrastructure; Ensuring readiness for emergencies (chemical accidents), appropriate measures and subsequent activities; Awareness and awareness of problems by employees and public; training of target groups and specialists; International relations; Biocide management resources are available and necessary.
The result was a national overview of the current situation with Biocide management (pesticides and disinfectants) in Ukraine, which was prepared within the framework of the project "Strengthening capacity the potential for safe management of biocides (pesticides and disinfectants) to reduce the impact on the population in Ukraine" (2017-2018), that was implemented by the European Regional Bureau of WHO and European Bureau the WHO Center for Environment and Health as part ouickf the Quick Start of the SAICM (Strategic Approachment Program to International Regulation of Chemicals) with the Support of the UN Environmental Program (UNEP)
Summarized information on the production, import, export, transportation, use of biocides in Ukraine and identified problems in the field of waste management, as well as legal, institutional, administrative and technical aspects of biocide management in Ukraine; An expert evaluation of the current state of biocide treatment in Ukraine has been provided and proposals and recommendations for strengthening the potential and creating a system of safe management of biocides in Ukraine during their life cycle were formed in order to eliminate the negative impact of biocides on the environment and human health.
Conclusions. The analysis covered both significant gaps that exist on rational regulation of biocides and strengths, since there is a serious team of specialists in Ukraine (primarily in the field of public health and hygiene), which requires the development and support of relevant state policy in this area.

Hygiene, chemicals, environmental protection and population, technical documents of state and international importance.

1. Sustainable Development Goals. Available from: https://www.undp.org/sustainable-development-goals
2. Prodanchuk M, Sergeyev S, Lepioshkin I, Kravchuk O, Medvedev V, Grynko A, Ivanova L, Bagatska O, Kolontaeva N, Lyshavskyi V, Baran V. [Analysis of registration requirements to professional and public health safety at plant protection products application in the EU and Ukraine]. Modern Problems of Toxicology, Food and Chemical Safety. 2015;3:5-13. Ukrainian. Available from: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/spt_2015_3_3
3. Biological markers in environmental health research. Committee on Biological Markers of the National Research Council. Environ Health Perspect. 1987 October;74:3-9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.87743
4. Karpenko OO, Muravkina MO. [Assessment of ecological & tconomic conseguences of ineffective use of pesticides on regional level] In: [Economic innovations: Collection of scientific works. Odesa: IPREED NAS of Ukraine;2012;48:140-9. Ukrainian. Available from: http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/handle/123456789/67174
5. REGULATION (EU) No. 528/2012 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 22 May 2012 concerning the making available on the market and use of biocidal products.
6. Garmash SM, Plis MM, Gerasimenko VA, Shatalin DB. [The current state of national system of normative regulation in the field of chemical safety]. Bulletin of the Dnipro State Academy of Construction and Architecture. 2020;6:61-8. Ukrainian. doi: https://doi.org/10.30838/J.BPSACEA.2312.241120.61.699
7. Kashtanov S, Polukarov Y, Mityuk L. [Peculiarities of modern European legislation in registration, evalution, permission and limitation of chemical substances]. Bulletin of Mykhailo Ostrogradsky National University. 2018;6(113):122-9. Ukrainian. doi: https://doi.org/10.30929/1995-0519.2018.6.122-129
8. Fidanza MR, Caneva G. Natural biocides for the conservation of stone cultural heritage: A review. Journal of Cultural Heritage. July-August 2019;38:271-86. doi: ttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2019.01.005
9. WHO recommended classification of pesticides by hazard and guidelines to classification, 2019 edition. World Health Organization 2020. 92 p. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/9789240005662
10. Arai T, Harino H, Ohji M. Langston WJ. Ecotoxicology of antifouling biocides. 2009. 250 p. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-85709-9
11. Frumkin H. Environmental health: from global to local. John Wiley & Sons. 2016.
12. Yassi A. Basic environmental health. 2001. doi: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.001.0001
13. Khohotva OP, Tabachuk OL. [Guide to rational management of chemical substances]. Kyiv: Center for resource-efficient and clean production; 2019. 112 p. Ukrainian.
14. Karpenko OO, Muravkina MO. [Assessment of ecological & economic consequences of ineffective use of pesticides on regional level] In: [Economic innovations: Collection of scientific works. Odesa: IPREED NAS of Ukraine;2012;48:140-9. Ukrainian. Available from: http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/handle/123456789/67174
15. Tertichnaya O. The state of the development in using microbiological remediation of pesticides polluted soils. In: Abstracts of 7- th International HCH and pesticides forum. Kyiv, June 7-10, 2003. 2003:118.
16. Food and agricultural organization of the UN. Available from: https://www.fao.org/faolex/results/details/en/c/LEX-FAOC134488/
17. [Decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine dated March 19, 2021 "On measures to increase the level of chemical safety on the territory of Ukraine", which was put into effect by the Decree of the President of Ukraine dated March 19, 2021 No. 104/2021]. Ukrainian. Available from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/n0014525-21
18. [Law "On ensuring chemical safety and management of chemical products" dated December 1, 2022 No. 2804-IX]. Ukrainian. Available from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2804-20#Text
19. [On the accession of Ukraine to the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Transportation of Hazardous Wastes and Their Removal: Law of Ukraine dated July 1, 1999 under No. 803-XIV]. Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 1999;34(27.08.99):Art. 284. Ukrainian.
20. [On the accession of Ukraine to the Rotterdam Convention on the Procedure of Prior Informed Consent Regarding Certain Hazardous Chemical Substances and Pesticides in International Trade: Law of Ukraine dated September 26, 2002 under No. 169-IU]. Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 2002;46(15.11.2002):Art. 341. Ukrainian.
21. [On the ratification of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants: Law of Ukraine dated April 18, 2007 under No. 949-U]. Official Gazette of Ukraine. 2007;42(18.06.2007):Art. 1661. Ukrainian.
24. The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20150905223000/http://echa.europa.eu/about-us

Koblianska AV. [Features of using biocides in Ukraine and the ability to protect the population from their negative impact]. Hygiene of Populated Places. 2023;73:74-83. Ukrainian.