Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 72, 2022   -   Pages: 58-67
THE ANALYSIS OF SOIL CONTAMINATION IN LOW-LYING AREAS OF TRANSCARPATHIAN REGION FROM 2017 TO 2021
Kh.I. Mykyta1, I.M. Rohach1
1 UZHHOROD NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

: 613.31 (477.870)
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2022.72.058

SUMMRY:
Objective. To study the soil pollution of the settlements of the lowlands of the Transcarpathian region in the dynamics during 2017-2021.
Materials and methods. The objects of the study were lowland areas of the Zakarpattia region (Berehovo, Vynohradiv, Mukachevo, Uzhhorod, Perechyn). An analysis of the statistical material of the State Institution "Transcarpathian Regional Center for Disease Control and Prevention of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine" on soil pollution was conducted settlements of lowland districts of Zakarpattia region in the dynamics during 2017-2021. The obtained materials were processed by statistical method using the computer program Microsoft Excel.
Results. A laboratory study was conducted of selected soil samples in the settlements of lowland areas of the Transcarpathian region (Berehovo, Vynohradiv, Mukachevo, Uzhhorod, Perechyn) in the dynamics during 2017-2021.
Based on the studied material, it was found that a small number of studied soil samples taken in the settlements of lowland areas of the Transcarpathian region do not meet the requirements of the State Standart for sanitary-chemical and bacteriological indicators. Non-compliance of soils with sanitary and hygienic standards on various indicators is due to insufficient control over the use of pesticides and mineral fertilizers to neutralize pests and increase crop yields. A number of measures have been developed to prevent soil contamination, as well as monitoring of the content of toxic substances in the environment, etc.
Conclusions. 1. A small number of studied soil samples taken in the settlements of lowland areas of the Transcarpathian region do not meet the requirements of the State Standard for sanitary-chemical and bacteriological indicators.
2. Non-compliance of soils with sanitary and hygienic standards on various indicators is due to insufficient control over the use of pesticides and mineral fertilizers to neutralize pests and increase crop yields.
3. ontent of toxic substances is monitored. substances in the environment, etc.

KEYWORDS:
Soil samples, soil contamination, preventive measures.

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FOR CITATION:
Mykyta KhI, Rohach IM. The analysis of soil contamination in low-lying areas of transcarpathian region from 2017 to 2021. Hygiene of populated places. 2022;72:58-67. Ukrainian.