Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 66, 2015   -   Pages: 162-168
METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES OF THE RADITIONAL ASSESSING ESTIMATION AMONG NUCLEAR-FUEL CYCLE ENTERPRISES CITY INHABITANTS
S.B. Dorohan1
1 STATE INSTITUTION "DNIPROPETROVSK MEDICAL ACADEMY OF THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF UKRAINE"

: 613.648.4:614.876(477.45):621.039.58

SUMMRY:
Inhabitants of the mining and uranium processing regions, settlements, which were situated near Nuclear Power Stations, should be conducted in order to carry out radiation safety security as well as radiational assessing state of their health. In may and june, 2012 the sociological survey was conducted in order to estimate level of awareness on the population of Kirovograd towards signifi-cant radiation risk factors. During may september, 2013 we carried out comparative integrated assessment covered subjective perception of their health status among citizens of Zhovti Vody and Vilnogirsk. Analysis of special literature has been shown absence of common scale for radiational assessing.
Purpose of research. Recommend the rating scale for radiational assessing in order to carry out radiation risks perception on the town dwellers, as well as an applicable radiation hazard.
Material and methods. In our study, carried out in december, 2014 were participated Kirovo-grad city employed residents, which should be taken in a random sample. Totally 181 respondents, i.e. men 104 (57.5%), women 77 (42.5%) were covered with sociological survey. Average age of respondents (Mm) 39.50.9 years.
In our study we used methodology, applied by Ch. Spilberger on the modification of Yu. Hanin. Rating scale was based on the questionnaire, recommended by "Institute of hygiene and med-ical ecology, named after A.N. Marzeev NAMS of Ukraine", which supplemented with an original questionnaire. Sociological poll should reveal the respondents relation to a specific problem, in a case of mining or processing uranium influence to the local population, living closer to a nuclear power plant.
Results of research and discussion. Radiational assessing majority of respondents (114 per-sons, i.e. 63.0%) corresponds to an average level. There for, people concerned about radiation con-tamination of the territory, population, food, water, air, soil couldnt see a power plant operations harm and should support their construction. High level of radiational assessing, which is character-ized not only by irradiation of the persons, food products, but also confidence dangers of nuclear power plants, according to results of our survey, as well as considered every four respondents 43 (23.8%).
In addition, degree of radiational assessing severity was higher in women than in men 24,310,48 against 23,020,42 points (p < 0.05) and shouldnt depend on the respondents age.
Finally, you shouldnt neglect the radiational assessing problem, because this issue ought to be acute problem as considered 86.8% of participants in the survey, which indicates about a high ra-diological suspicion of the population. Recommendations focused on the radiational assessing pre-vention measures among city dwellers of Kirovograd and Zhovti Vody were carried out.