Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 71, 2021   -   Pages: 57-75
ACTUAL ISSUES IN MONITORING THE QUALITY OF ATMOSPHERIC AIR AND RISKS OF INFLUENCE OF CHEMICALS STUDIED IN THE ATMOSPHERIC AIR ON THE TERRITORY OF THE LUGANSK REGION, WHICH ARE CONTROLLED BY THE UKRAINIAN AUTHORITIES
V. Yurkevych1, V. Syrovatska1, N. Yurkevych1
1 STATE INSTITUTION LUHANSK REGIONAL CENTER FOR CONTROL AND PREVENTION OF DISEASES OF THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF UKRAINE

: 614.24
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2021.71.057

SUMMRY:
The characteristic of a part of the Lugansk region, which is controlled by the authorities of Ukraine, is determined by the number of vulnerable groups of the population in the region and in the industrial cities of Sievierodonetsk, Lysychansk and Rubizhne of the Sievierodonetsk-Lysychansk agglomeration.
The estimation of the state of atmospheric air according to the statistical reporting on the characteristics of the emission of pollutants from stationary and mobile sources is provided, a hygienic assessment of atmospheric air pollution levels in the settlements of the region according to its own data of monitoring observations and the risks of inhalation non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic influence on the health of the population are provided. Cities of Sievierodonetsk, Lysychansk and Ru-bizhne, which is undergoing the greatest negative impact on the pollution of the atmosphere by enterprises of chemical and other industries and vehicles.
It has been established that at present monitoring surveillance of atmospheric air quality in settlements of the oblast are too limited. Quantitative danger indices for which the risks of the inhalation effects of pollutants on the health of the population are determined in a significant degree depend on the list of investigated ingredients and their danger class.
Due to the lack of financing atmospheric air monitoring at the expense of state and local budgets, high-precision laboratory equipment for conducting research and other reasons for today it is impossible to assess the levels of atmospheric air pollution in the entire list of pollutants (ben-zo(a)pyrene, lead, nickel, ozone, suspended substances (RM2.5, RM10), benzene and others), which are priority and mandatory for monitoring in atmospheric air and assessing their impact on the health of the population in accordance with the current normative acts.
Necessary modernization of the stationary posts in the state of the atmosphere in the cities of Sievierodonetsk, Lysychansk and Rubizhne for the financial assistance of state and local budgets in order to organize monitoring at the quality of atmospheric air in accordance with the list of pollutants by list A (benzo(a)pyrene, benzene, ozone, lead, nickel, chrome, mercury, cadmium, suspended particles - RM2.5, RM10 and others) and priority substances (aniline, sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid, hydrogen sulfide) according to Annex 2 to the order and methods established by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of August 14, 2019 827 Some issues of public monitoring in the field of protection of atmospheric air and the provision of sanitary and hygienic laboratories of the branches of the Luhansk Regional Center for Control and Prevention of Diseases of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine by gas-liquid chromatographs and atomic absorption spectrometers.

KEYWORDS:
emissions, chemicals, air quality, risks of inhalation effects of pollutants on health.

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FOR CITATION:
Yurkevich V., Syrovatska V., Yurkevich N. Aktualni pytannia v haluzi monitorynhu za yakistiu atmosfernoho povitria ta ryzyky vplyvu doslidzhuvanykh v atmosfernomu povitri khimichnykh rechovyn na zdorovia naselennia na chastyni terytorii Luhanskoi oblasti, shcho ye pidkontrolnoiu ukrainskii vladi [Actual Issues in Monitoring the Quality of Atmospheric Air and Risks of Influence of Chemicals Studied in the Atmospheric Air on the Territory of the Lugansk Region, Which are Controlled by the Ukrainian Authorities]. In : Hihiiena naselenykh mists : zb. nauk. pr. [Hygiene of Populated Places]. Kyiv ; 2021 ; 71 : 57-75 (in Ukrainian).