Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 72, 2022   -   Pages: 84-89
HYGIENIC CHARACTERISTIC OF THE ELECTROMAGNETIC SITUATION CREATED BY ANTENNAS OF MOBILE BASE STATIONS IN CHERNIHIV REGION BEFORE AND AFTER THE INTRODUCTION OF 4G TECHNOLOGY
S.S. Halak1, A.P. Bezverkha1, V.Yu. Dumansky1, N.G. Nikitina1, S.V. Bitkin1, S.V. Zotov1
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU

: 613.168:648.2:351.777.8
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2022.72.084

SUMMRY:
This work is part of our researches to study the distribution of electromagnetic radiation from mobile base stations in populated areas.
The aim of this work was to study and analyze the electromagnetic situation before and after the introduction of fourth generation 4G technology at mobile base stations.
Materials and methods. We analyzed the maximum and average levels of electromagnetic radiation from mobile base stations located in Chernihiv region. The electromagnetic situation was studied both in urban areas and in rural areas. STATISTICA 10 was used for statistical analysis and calculations.
Results. It was established that after the implementation of 4G technology at mobile base stations in the territory of Chernihiv region, the median of the maximum levels of electromagnetic radiation increased by 151.9% (in particular, in urban areas by 93.0%), and the median of average levels - by 127.0% (in particular, in urban areas by 58.5%).
There were no cases of exceeding the maximum permissible levels of EMF both before and after the modernization of the base stations.
It was established that after the modernization of the base stations, the maximum and average levels of EMF in 21.9% of cases exceeded the "old" maximum permissible level - 2.5 μW/cm2.
Conclusions. It was found that after the introduction of the fourth generation 4G technology at the mobile base stations, the levels of electromagnetic radiation in Chernihiv region increased significantly. It has been proven that there are no prerequisites for increasing the maximum permissible level to 100 μW/cm2 when implementing 4G technology at mobile base stations.

KEYWORDS:
Radiofrequency radiation, mobile base stations, 4G.

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FOR CITATION:
Halak SS, Bezverkha AP, Dumansky VYu, Nikitina NG, Bitkin SV, Zotov SV. Hygienic characteristic of the electromagnetic situation created by antennas of mobile base stations in Chernihiv region before and after the introduction of 4G technology. Hygiene of populated places. 2022;72:84-89. Ukrainian.