Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 64, 2014   -   Pages: 265-271
HOW THE ORGANIZATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AFFECTS THE VEGETATIVE TONUS OF MIDDLE-SCHOOL CHILDREN
S.V. Hozak1, E.T. Elyzarova1, A.N. Parats1, O.A. Filonenko1
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE OF HYGIENE AND MEDICAL ECOLOGY NAMSU

: 613.955:371.1:371.214/25

SUMMRY:
The study focuses on how educational factors affect the vegetative tonus in middle-school children for the purpose of their regulation.
The basic directions of research: compare the characteristics of children with different tone of the vegetative nervous system at different academic loads; calculation of the relative risk of sympath-icotonia development, as evidence of tension of adaptation regulatory mechanisms; establishment of safe regulations of academic load.
The factors that affect the vegetative tonus of children were established: the quantity of lessons per week, the total quantity of subjects in the schedule, quantity of academic disciplines in the week, the duration of the school day, the amount of homework, total complexity of lessons per week, the quantity of classes in physical education per week, the presence of large break (p<0,05-0,001).
First highest risks of sympathicotonia development in children are established:
at one class in physical education per week, compared with three (RR=2,11; CI=1,16-3,83; p<0,05); at 33 lessons per week, compared with 26-29 (RR=1,71; CI=1,33-2,20; p<0,001); at duration of the school day (including homework) more than 500 minutes (RR=1,51; CI=1,20-1,91; p<0,001); with homework more than 110 minutes (RR=1,50; CI=1,19-1,88; p<0,001).
Obtained results allow to develop safe academic load regulations at middle-school children.