Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 66, 2015   -   Pages: 235-241
HYGIENIC ASPECTS OF THE METABOLIC SYNDROME RISK FACTORS PREVALENCE AMONG THE ADOLESCENTS
O.V. Berdnyk1, O.P. Rudnytska1, K.V. Shevchuk1, O.V. Dobrianska1
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU

: 613.96:616-008

SUMMRY:
Cardiovascular and endocrine diseases require a special attention among chronic non-communicable diseases group. The basic of their formation is metabolic syndrome which includes abdominal obesity, dislipidemia, glucose intolerance and hypertension. The main conditions of the metabolic syndromes development are physical inactivity, excessive consumption of fat and carbo-hydrates, stress, smoking. The hygienic aspects of this syndrome development werent researched.
The objective: to perform hygienic assessment of the behavioral risk factors and conditions prevalence of the metabolic syndrome development among the adolescents.
Study methods. 1350 children 14-16 years old were examined. Anthropometric, sociological, mathematical methods were used.
Results. It was determined that proportion of adolescents with disharmonious physical devel-opment was: boys 7,2% and girls 12,5%. According to the weight-height index, 3,5% of children were identified with obesity and 14,1% of children with risk of obesity. Epidemiological study revealed a significant prevalence of metabolic syndrome risk factors among children such as imbal-ance of protein and carbohydrate diet components, soft drink consumption, low physical activity, smoking. The combinations of different risk factors were analyzed. The number of overweight and daily smoking adolescents was higher in boys (p<0,001). However, the number of children with low physical activity was higher in girls (p<0,01).
Health education activities strengthening aimed at lifestyle changes, optimization of physical activity and diet will contribute to the prevention of the development of this syndrome and respectively chronic non-communicable diseases.