Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 69, 2019   -   Pages: 172-181
SORBENIC AND BENZOIC ACIDS FOOD ADDITIVES AND NATURAL PRESERVATIVES
I.Ye. Moiseienko1, N.L. Yemchenko1, L.S. Liubarska1, O.D. Olshevska,1, O.D. Kharchenko1, O.V. Yashchenko1
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU

: 613.26/28:664.8.035.7
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2019.69.172

SUMMRY:
Objective: We performed a situational analysis of the state with a regulation and control in food additives (FA), preservatives sorbic and benzoic acids, in particular, as well as the correction of relevant regulations to prevent unjustified economic costs at the analysis of food products with a natural content of these compounds.
Materials and methods: food products, food additives, sorbic acid, benzoic acid, high per-formance liquid chromatography.
Results: Liquid chromatographic analysis of 37 food products, beverages and flavourings was conducted to detect the content of food additives (benzoic and sorbic acids) in the food products with the help of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).
During the manufacturing process, the preservatives are not added by the manufactures in the majority of the food products. They get into the finished products from the raw materials: into yo-ghurts from fruit fillers, into fruit fillers from berries, into flavours from berries, into crab sticks from potato starch, into starch from raw potatoes, into sauces from fresh vegetables, into milk condensed and ice cream from sugar and directly from milk, etc. Their number is so small that it could be ignored. But the content of these acids is "not allowed" in the regulations. Then the content should be zero, but any, even the smallest digital value, is not zero, and so the indicator cannot be recorded as absent in the measurement result report. This indicator demonstrates the discrepancy with normative documents. It leads to the impossibility of a positive research result for quality and safe food.
Conclusion: It is necessary to amend the current standards for benzoic and sorbic acids and their salts to prevent the erroneous refusal of valuable and quality food products for children.

KEYWORDS:
sorbic acid, benzoic acid, food products, nutrition additives, regulations.

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FOR CITATION:
Moiseienko I.Ye., Yemchenko N.L., Liubarska L.S., Olshevska O.D., Kharchenko O.D., Yashchenko O.V. Sorbinova i benzoina kysloty kharchovi dobavky i pryrodni konservanty [Sorbenic and benzoic acids food additives and natural preservatives]. In : Hihiiena naselenykh mists : zb. nauk. pr. [Hygiene of Populated Places]. Kyiv ; 2019 ; 69 : 172-181 (in Ukrainian).