Hygiene of populated placesISSN: 2707-0441 eISSN: 2707-045X
Issue 71, 2021   -   Pages: 132-138
ON SOME CURRENT ISSUES ON THE PROBLEMS OF HYGIENIC REGULATION OF NON-IONIZING RADIATION
V.Ya. Akimenko1, V.Yu. Dumansky1, N.G. Nikitina1, S.V. Bitkin1, S.S. Halak1, Ye.A. Serdiuk1, O.V. Gots1, P.V. Semashko1, A.P. Bezverkha1
1 STATE INSTITUTION O.M. MARZIEIEV INSTITUTE FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NAMSU
https://doi.org/10.32402/hygiene2021.71.132

SUMMRY:
Goal. To analyze the methodological features of scientific substantiation of non-ionizing radiation safety standards for the health of workers and the population in the EU countries.
Object and methods of research. Analytical methods were used to study the principles and criteria of scientific substantiation of maximum permissible levels of electromagnetic fields of different frequency range, recommended by the WHO for production and in settlements.
Research results and their discussion. Emphasis is placed on the possible reasons for the differences between the EMF standards of different frequency bands, recommended by international organizations (WHO, IRPA) and those in force in Ukraine. The main difference in the use of the principles of threshold action and risk approaches based on the thermal effects of EMF is shown.
Conclusions. Changes in the legislation of Ukraine (Laws of Ukraine, Orders of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, Resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, bylaws and others) destroyed the years-old system of preventive sanitary supervision over the location of sources of possible EMF, noise and other physical factors in Ukraine.

KEYWORDS:
electromagnetic fields, radio frequency range, microwave range, maximum permissible levels, non-ionizing radiation, criteria for assessing biological action.

REFERENCES:
1. International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP). ICNIRP guidelines for limiting exposure to electromagnetic fields (100 KHz to 300 GHz). Health Phys. 2020 ; 118 : 483-524. DOI : https://doi.org/10.1097/HP.0000000000001210
2. International commission on non-Ionizing radiation protection (ICNIRP). Exposure to high frequency electromagnetic fields, biological effects and health consequences (100 kHz-300 GHz). ICNIRP. 2009 : 978-3-934994-10-2.
3. Environmental health criteria 16: Radiofrequency and microwaves. Geneva : World Health Organization. 1981 : 134 p.
4. Environmental health criteria 35: Extremely low frequency (ELF) fields. Geneva : World Health Organization. 1984 : 131 p.
5. Environmental health criteria 69: Magnetic fields. Geneva : World Health Organization. 1987 : 197 p.
6. Environmental health criteria 137: Electromagnetic fields 300 Hz to 300GHz. Geneva : World Health Organization. 1993 : 201 p.
7. Michaelson S.M. Microwave/radiofrequency protection guide and standards. In : Biological effects and dosimetry of non-ionizing radiation: radiofrequency and microwave energies. Gran-dolfo M., Michaelson S., Rindi A. (eds). New York ; London : Plenum Press. 1983. DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-4253-3_30
8. Repacholi M.H. Radiofrequency field exposure standards: Current limits and the relevant bioeffects data. In : Biological effects and medical applications of electromagnetic fields. Gandhi O.P. (ed.). Englewood Cliffs ; New Jersey : Prentice Hall. 1990 : 9-27.
9. Czerski P. Radiofrequency radiation exposure limits in Eastern Europe. J. microwave Power. 1985 ; 20 : 233. DOI : https://doi.org/10.1080/16070658.1985.11720307
10. Sliney D.H. Current RF safety standards. In : Non-ionizing radiations: physical characteristics, biological effects and health hazard assessment. Repacholi M.H. (ed.). London : IRPA Publica-tions. 1988 : 219-233.
11. Grandolfo M., Mild, K. H. Worldwide public and occupational radiofrequency and microwave protection guides. In : Electromagnetic biointeraction mechanisms, safety standards, protection guides. Franceschetti G., Gandhi O.P., Grandolfo M. (eds). New York ; London : Plenum Press. 1989 : 99-134. DOI : https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-5706-3_6
12. IRPA Guidelines on limits of exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields in the frequency range from 100 kHz to 300 GHz. Health Phys. 1988 ; 54 : 115-123.
13. Regulation (EU) 2018/1971 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 establishing the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) and the Agency for Support for BEREC (BEREC Office), amending Regulation (EU) 2015/2120 and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1211/2009. URL : https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=OJ:L:2018:321:FULL&from=IT
14. Council Recommendation of 12 July 1999 on the limitation of exposure of the general public to electromagnetic fields (0 Hz to 300 GHz) (1999/519/EC). 30. 7. 1999 EN Official Journal of the European Communities L 199/59.

FOR CITATION:
Akimenko V.Ya., Dumansky V.Yu., Nikitina N.G., Bitkin S.V., Halak S.S., Serdiuk Ye.A., Gots O.V., Semashko P.V., Bezverkha A.P. Pro deiaki aktualni pytannia z problem hihiienichnoi rehlamentatsii neionizuiuchykh vyprominiuvan [On Some Current Issues on the Problems of Hygienic Regulation of Non-Ionizing Radiation]. In : Hihiiena naselenykh mists : zb. nauk. pr. [Hygiene of Populated Places]. Kyiv ; 2021 ; 71 : 132-138 (in Ukrainian).